During pregnancy, there may be an exaggerated response of the gums to plaque and tartar. This usually presents in the second or third trimester as red, puffy gums that may bleed easily. This condition is usually reversible with good oral hygiene and professional cleaning. Some women during pregnancy develop a painless, red growth called a pyogenic granuloma, which usually disappeaers spontaneously after pregnancy. In some cases it may require professional removal. It is generally recommended that pregnant patients be seen for check-ups and cleanings ideally within the second trimester.
Puberty and Oral Contraceptives
Puberty and oral contraceptives may also be associated with an exaggerated response to plaque and tartar. Gums may bleed more easiy, appear puffy and slightly tender. Emaculate oral hygiene along with professional maintenance is usually sufficient to completely reverse this condition.
Changes in the mouth associated with menopause may include mouth dryness, pain or burning and alteration in taste. Salivary substitutes may be helpful at reducing some of these symptoms.